Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
Concluding observations on the combined seventh to ninth periodic reports of Japan
C. Concerns and recommendations
18. The Committee notes information provided by the delegation of the State party about efforts made to solve the issue of foreign “comfort women” who were sexually exploited by the Japanese military during the World War II. The Committee also notes information on compensation provided through the Asian Women Fund established by the State party in 1995 and Government expressions of apology, including the apology of the Japanese Prime Minister in 2001. Bearing in mind that human rights violations against surviving “comfort women” persist as long as their rights to justice and reparation are not fully realized, the Committee is concerned at reports that most of “comfort women” have never received recognition, apologies or any kind of compensation (art. 2, 5).
The Committee urges that the State party take immediate action to:
(a) Conclude investigations on violations of the rights of comfort women by the Japanese military, and bring to justice those responsible for human rights violations;
(b) Pursue a comprehensive, impartial and lasting resolution of the issue of comfort women including expressions of sincere apology and the provision of adequate reparation to all surviving comfort women or to their families; and
(c) Condemn any attempts at defamation or denial of such events.